Penn State Cooperative Extension

(Formerly PENpages #29503259)

Nutrition Games & Activities for Youth

Updated for 2004


             Games by Evie Vitali, Karen Sloan and Jan Scholl

Thoughts on Educational Games:

        "Games will never be a substitute for adequate planning
         and lesson preparation nor for the lack of professional
         competency on the part of the teacher.  In fact, games
         are not a substitute for any other type of learning
         activities.  Instead, they are an integral part of the
         teaching and learning process and should be used
         appropriately as they are needed to further specify
         educational goals.  In other words, games are one
         approach to learning and should be used judiciously as an
         important member of the instructional materials game."

         Guy Wagner, Mildred Alexander and Max Hosier.  Strengthening
         Fundamental Skills with Instructional Games (Cedar Falls, IA:
         J.S. Latta & Son, 1959) p. 88.


         Games are fun, but are they really useful?  Are the skills
         gained by planning games transferable to everyday life?
         The question is relevant to parents of children who spend
         endless hours glued to the tube, playing video games.  The
         answer, according to researchers, is that the lessons and
         skills learned from playing games, any games, are pretty
         limited to the games themselves.  Games do little to
         develop transferable cognitive skills such as problem
         solving, sequencing, and facility with numbers.  Playing
         games does not generally lead to improved performance in
         schoolwork.  The fact is, we don't really know how to
         design games that teach broader skills.  So, for now, game
         playing should be viewed as recreation and limited
         accordingly.

         John C. Condry, Department of Human Development and Family
         Studies, New York State College of Human Ecology, Cornell
         University.

There are many types of activities that can benefit youth and aid in their
learning.  When selecting activities, note that:

*  Activities and games can be fun or educational or both.
*  Alternate passive activities with active fun.  Kids can only
   absorb so much.  Some activities can actually reinforce what
   is being learned.

     PASSIVE ACTIVITIES                 ACTIVE ACTIVITIES
     ------------------                 -----------------
     poems and stories                  songs
     some games                         dances
     puzzles                            experiments
     worksheets                         skits or puppets
     "roll-call topics"                 mixers
                                        beach ball brainstorming
                                        games, relays

Recreational activities should be a part of a club meeting or lesson plan.  
They add a lot of interest to meetings.

Planning carefully will help you use a number of activities to teach and have 
fun.  Planning will also allow you to be more learner centered, giving the 
youth more opportunity to practice skills and develop leadership.  Also, 
planning ahead will help you to obtain the materials for little or no cost and 
will build the enthusiasm of your volunteers.

When planning your meetings to include recreational activities, think of:

A.  Purpose of the meeting?
B.  The audience?  How old they are?  What are their interests?
C.  What do you want the activity to do?  Break up the meeting?
    Teach something?
D.  What time of day is it?  Will the kids need more activity after
    school?
E.  What other activities youth have been involved in before they come?
F.  Facilities--is it large enough?  Are there any safety hazards?
G.  Best way to get your message across (both what you want to teach
    and how to give instructions to youth so they can do the game and
    experience success.

Also don't forget that you'll need to summarize the activity when its over.  
That way they will know what they were supposed to learn or if it was just for 
fun.

Even if you don't have much time for activities, having some children's 
cookbooks or library books around, or some short games or puzzles out before 
the youth arrive, can get them motivated.  Just knowing you are going to have 
something special for those who come early (or on time), helps prevent 
stragglers.

What types of recreational activities are possible?
    Games:  card or board games, relays, Concentration, ERIB2,
    commercial, or make your own.(consider covering old game boards)
    Singing:  nutrition and other songs
    Making up stores or adding to other stories
    Observing types of foods, temperatures, etc.
    Skits:  puppets
    Experiments  (Check out Vicki Cobb's book, Science Experiments
       You can eat.
    Puzzles, mazes                             
    Mini-talks or Show and Tell
    Judging  (see PENpages 29503214 for ideas)
    Eating, smelling, tasting, touching food
    Brainstorming (try bouncing a beach ball from member to member!)

There are hundreds more...

No matter what activity you plan to use, be sure to:
*  make directions easy to follow.
*  encourage youth to take the activity home or to play it at
   school again some time soon.
*  praise the youth for trying as well as succeeding.
*  Afterward, tell them what they did and what they should have
   learned from the activity.  Make notes on how the meeting went
   and what you would do differently next time.

                             --ACTIVITIES--

COOPERATION SONGS
-----------------
Examples published in Learning92 (copyrighted)

(To the round of Are You Sleeping, Brother John?)

I hear talking.  I hear talking
Is it you?  Is it you?
Time to get quiet.  Time to get quiet.
Sh!  Sh!  Sh!    Sh!  Sh!  Sh!

(To the tune of "For He's a Jolly Good Fellow)
We're on a secret safari
We're on a secret safari
We're on a secret safari
So quiet we must be!

Foodplay Breakfast Rap:

"School's not just the place to feed your mind.
Feed your body here, too, at breakfast time.
Cereal, milk, fruit and toast;
that's the kind of breakfast 
that will give you the most.

Don't start your day hungry.
You need your stomach full.
So, if you don't bet breakfast home, 
you can get it at school.
Yea, school breakfast, way to go!
School breakfast, way to go!"

Check out your library for children's books and magazines with stories and 
poems about food.  If your library doesn't have the books, ask them to 
interlibrary loan them.  See PENpages for a list of children's cookbooks. 
(2950382, 29503152, and 29503153).  The Nutrition in Action manual and Team 
Nutrition handbook have a lists of books about food that kids can read, 
resources and activities.  You may want to give these lists to parents or a 
local librarian as reading lists for kids, especially during summer
library reading programs.

The Nutrition in Action Videotape (available through county offices and the 
Penn State Audiovisual Center) gives lots of activities.  While you are in 
State College, you may want to drop by the Penn State Nutrition Center to look 
through their file on games.

                              --PUPPETS--

Paper plates/coffee filters
Finger puppets or hand animals
Gloves or socks
Paper sack
Stuffed animals
Egg crate sections (2 together)
Actual vegetables or fruits--using them as characters in made up
stories gives them personalities depending on their features.

                               --GAMES--

Treasure Hunt
Wheel of Fortune (Hangman) Guess the Food or Nutrient
Twister (food groups on the spinner)
Ready-Set Spaghetti by Milton Bradley--helps youth recognize types of
     pizza toppings.
Put a nutrition sticker on the back of everyone; have them guess the food by 
      asking questions.
Guess what's in the bag (putting foods or kitchen utensils in a bag and
     asking them what they are.
Tiddley Winks -- tape food models on the winks.  There is a similar game
     on the market that uses "Flickers", which is the same concept.
Relay race - each person in the line bring back a food to make a basic food
     meal.
Food Safety Clue Game - PENpages 29503258
Use fraction flash cards to teach measurements.
NASCO Company and Dairy Council have food games and food models, too.
     Look for their discounts.

                             --EXPERIMENTS--

Sweet, Sour, Salt and Bitter - Tongue Mapping  (Sweet on Tip of Tongue, Sour 
and Salt on sides of the tongue and Bitter in the back of the tongue)

Can you tell the difference between a potato and an apple if you don't have 
sight or smell?  (The importance of all the senses.)

Check the 4-H projects for many activities and experiments.  We placed the 
solutions on PENpages 29503662.

                             --OTHER IDEAS--

Sometimes it's fun to give prizes.  But make them meaningful.  Youth would 
like to have their own measuring cup or spoons, perhaps, after they have 
completed a lesson on serving sizes.  Many companies give measuring utensils 
away as novelty gifts.  Consider giving out small homemade ribbons, too.

Be careful when you use prizes.  Prizes should be given for participation, not 
necessarily competition.  Know your group.  Even when you give prizes for 
winning a particular game, make sure everyone gets a prize before they go 
home.  Do not use prizes to exclude people or to make them look smarter, make 
sure everyone in the group knows how valuable their contribution is to the 
entire group.  Encourage them to participate--but don't make non-participation 
or winning a big deal.

If youth want to take part in a competitive activity, encourage them to
participate and exhibit at the county fair, round-up, or farm show.  See
premium listings for exhibit possibilities.  Farm show categories are
listed on PENpages 29503170.

                                   GAMES

 (Modified from FOODPLAY' 20 FUN WAYS TO celebrate National Nutrition Month)
Pyramid Power Relay Race

Hold a pyramid power relay race!  Divide the group into relay teams.  Each 
team will work with a grocery bag full of food or food pictures.  On the 
furthest side of the gym or play area, construct a food pyramid shape out of 
milk crates.  The bottom level has five crates; the second level has four 
crates, the third level has three; the fourth level has one.  Label each food 
grouping with an index card--Grains, Fruits, Vegetables, Milk, Products, 
Protein Foods and Fats/Sweets.  When it's his/her turn, each team member grabs 
a food from the bag and runs to the far end of the gym and puts the food in 
the correct group in the pyramid.  He/she runs back tags, the next team member 
who does the same.  The team wins when they correctly put the most number of 
foods into the correct food groupings.

Taste Test
Hold a special taste test session for kids to experience new foods.  Have them 
fill out a survey sheet--use visuals like a happy face or unhappy face or two 
thumbs up, one thumb up, or two thumbs down to declare their reactions.  Or, 
use the month to survey students' meal preferences.  


                                   GAMES
                           Provided by Evie Vitali

Peanut Pass   (3rd and 4th grades)
-----------
Divide group into 2 teams.  Each team forms a double line facing each other. 
Chairs are placed at both ends of the lines with 12 peanuts on the chair at 
the head of each line.  Each player weaves his or her fingers into the fingers 
of the person across from him.  They must not unclasp hands throughout the 
game.  At a signal, the leader picks up the peanuts one at a time and passes 
them down the  line as rapidly as possible.  The last player puts them on the 
chair beside  him.  If the peanut is dropped, it must be picked up without 
unclasping the  hands.  The team which passes all its peanuts down and back 
first, wins the  relay.

"What Am I"   (3rd and 4th grades)
-----------
Guessing what food picture is on a player's back by asking questions such as:
     Am I  (color) ?
           (shape) ?
           (group) ?

    (see answers on PENpages #12101462)

Food Name Game  (3rd and 4th grades)
--------------
Have each think of foods that begin with the same letters in their name (first 
and last name as well).
     T omato
     O range
     M ilk

Vegetable Toss Game  (K, 1st and 2nd grades)
-------------------
Make 4 FELT bean bag vegetables.  (Cut shapes of carrot, ear of corn, pod of 
peas, tomato out of felt.  Stitch and fill with dry beans, then completely 
stitch closed.)

Make a fabric covered cardboard box with a large drawing of a person's face on 
it.  Be sure a wide opened mouth with an opening is part of the facial 
features.

Have children take turns tossing "vegetables" into the mouth opening.  The 
person who feeds all 4 vegetables to the box is a winner.


Mobiles (Milk - Meat - Fruit - Vegetable - Bread)  (K, 1st, and 2nd grades)
-------
Cut pictures of food in each group from old magazines.  (Put backing on them.)
Hang pictures with thread of different lengths from a metal coat hanger.

Orange Relay  (3rd and 4th grades)
------------
Divide group into 2 teams.  Each team forms a single line.  Everyone puts his 
hands behind his back and keeps them there.  An orange is placed between the 
chin and neck of the first person on each team.  The orange is passed down the 
line of team members, each person using only his chin and neck to hold the 
orange.  If the orange is dropped, the team must start over.  The first team 
to pass the orange to the end of the line is the winner.

Unscrambled Words  (3rd and 4th grades)
-----------------
Unscramble these Vitamin A foods:  Use other categories, too.
     weste oatpteso -- sweet potatoes
     bbacage        -- cabbage
     pichsna        -- spinach
     ortrca         -- carrot

Food Toss Game  (K, 1st, and 2nd grades)
--------------
Put 5 large cans or small boxes with each of the food groups on them -- milk, 
meat, fruits, vegetables, bread and cereal.

                                 OR

Put 2 large cans or small boxes and mark one Vitamin A, the other Vitamin C.

Establish a throw line back 4-5 feet from the boxes.  Using pictures with 
cardboard backs or food models, have each child take 6 pictures, stand behind 
the throw line and see how many pictures he or she can throw into the correct 
can.  Keep score.  A child only gets a point if the picture goes into the 
correct can.  If the picture goes into a wrong can, he or she LOSES 1 point.  
If the picture does not go into any can, NO POINT is scored.  The child with 
the highest score wins.

Food Tray  (all grades)
--------- 
Place a variety of fruits and vegetables--real or pictures--on a tray.  Put 
the tray on a table where the boys and girls can look it over carefully for 1 
or 2 minutes.  At the end of the time, take the tray away and put it out of 
sight.  Then ask the boys and girls to begin naming all the things they can 
remember seeing while you write them on the blackboard.

Cafeteria  (all grades)
---------
Lay pictures of food on a table like food in a cafeteria (salads, main dishes, 
vegetables, breads, desserts and beverages).  Each would pick up the foods he 
wants for dinner.  (For every 10 children, you will need 15 pictures of each 
type of food.)

Purpose is to see if they can select a nutritious meal.  Explain each 
selection.  (Record what was picked to be compared at a later date.)

Food Bingo  (3rd and 4th grades)
----------
Cards on 5" x 5" paper.  Draw lines to divide into 1" squares.  Write the name 
of a food in each group in the squares.  Make each card different, across, 
down or diagonally.
      _________________________
      |    |    |    |    |    |
      |____|____|____|____|____|
      |    |    |    |    |    |
      |____|____|____|____|____|
      |    |    |    |    |    |
      |____|____|____|____|____|
      |    |    |    |    |    |
      |____|____|____|____|____|
      |    |    |    |    |    |
      |____|____|____|____|____|

Food Fun Cards  (3rd and 4th grades)
--------------
Draw or paste pictures of food from the five food groups on 3 x 5 index cards. 
Print the name of each food under that picture.  A deck of cards is needed 
for each group of 4 players.  A deck consists of:  6 cards from milk group, 
yogurt, and cheese group; 6 cards from the meat, poultry, fish, dry beans, 
eggs, and nuts group; 8 cards from the fruit group; 8 cards from the vegetable 
group; and 10 cards from the bread, cereal, rice, and pasta group.  Use as 
much variety as possible in each group.

To play--deal 4 cards to each person.  Put rest of cards in a pile on the 
table.  Turn the top card over.  The person to the right of dealer plays 
first.  He can choose to take the card that is turned over or take a card from 
top of pile.  He must put down one card from his hand in a discard pile.  This 
procedure continues around the table.  The first person to have one food from 
each food group (5 cards) or has 5 foods from the same food group wins.

More complicated--increase number of cards in the deck and the number of cards 
dealt to each person.  The leader may specify what meal is to be planned, such 
as dinner; include 1 Vitamin A food.

Question Bee  (A good review!)  (all grades)  Questions asked  
------------- according to what was covered in class.

Two teams line up on opposite sides of the room and face each other.  Teacher 
asks a question (on nutrition) to the first person on one team.  If he answers 
it correctly, he remains standing.  If he answers it incorrectly, he sits down 
and the same question is asked of the first person on the opposite team.  This 
continues until each question is answered correctly.  The last person standing 
is the winner.

Examples:  Rice belongs in what food group?


           How many servings from____________?


           How many cups in a quart? ________


Nutrition Bee  (Same as Question Bee)
------------- 
Two teams.  Leader names a food item and players must name the right food 
group.  (Work in foods that represent a combination of food groups.)

     Chicken  -- Meat group
     Cheese Sandwich -- Meat group and bread and cereal group.

Hidden Food
-----------
Place a food in a bag.  Have each child put his hand in to feel the food.  
Then have them tell what it is.  They are identifying food by feel and shape.

Hang Man  (3rd and 4th grades)
--------
Give the player "it" a name of a food.  On blackboard or large paper, draw a 
blank for each letter in the word.  Example:  O A T M E A L.  The group tries 
to guess the letters in the word.  If someone guesses a letter which is in the 
word, "it" puts the letter in the proper space.  Each time a wrong letter is 
guessed, "it" writes it on top and draws part of a person in this order:

     Head                One leg               One eye
     Body                Other leg             Other eye
     One arm             One hand              Nose
     Other arm           Other hand            Mouth
                         One foot
                         Other foot

Tell
----
Give each person a piece of paper with the name of a food on it for him to 
keep secret.

With three words describe the food to the others for them to guess what it is.
Example:  Hamburger - brown, hot, juicy
          Carrot - long, orange, vegetable
          ice cream       milk
          strawberry      spaghetti
          cheese          peanuts
          egg             bread, etc.
          biscuits

Visual Idea: Protein foods:
-----------
             P eanut butter
           d R y beans
           p O ultry
         Mea T
             E ggs
           f I sh
             N uts

(Can put pictures along side the word.)

Puzzles to Put Together
-----------------------
Talk about what nutrients go into each food.  All pieces fit together to form 
a shape.  Each puzzle piece has a nutrient and when all puzzle pieces fit 
together, they represent a food  (i.e., protein, riboflavin, niacin and iron, 
in a piece of meat).  Add to the learning by telling them what each nutrient 
does for the body.

           Piece of meat                       Glass of milk



     CROSSWORD PUZZLES           and           LETTER PUZZLES
     -----------------                         --------------
                                                c y t m e a t
                                                m k s i g l b
                                                a o r l g d u
                                                e p n k a z e

Role Playing  (3rd and 4th grades)
------------ 

Scavenger Hunts  (Find labels around the room)  (all grades)
---------------

Games (Just like on TV)  (3rd and 4th grades)
----- 
     Concentration (pictures or words of foods to match)
     Jeopardy
     This is Your Life
     Hollywood Squares
     What's My Line

Price is Right  (Set out food products--guess cost.  OR  ask a contestant to 
"buy" $5 worth of foods from display, purchasing as many of any item as they 
want, spending as close to $5 as possible without going over.)

Apron Idea!  (all grades)
-----------
Old shirts with collar and sleeves cut off and worn BACKWARDS!

Jeopardy Game by Karen Sloan, Union County
The game is played like the game on TV.  Divide into 2, 3 or 4 groups, 
depending on how many children you have.  Each child takes a turn to choose a 
topic and a point value.  The higher the value, the more difficult the 
question.  If they answer the question correctly, the moderator hands that 
team the card.  If they get it incorrect, the other team(s) can try to guess 
correctly.  The next team takes its turn.  At the end, each team counts up the 
point values of their cards and the highest amount wins.

The questions are on colored index card by topic:
Jeopardy

Point questions                              Answer:

Topic:  The food guide pyramid
10  Name the Food Groups in the pyramid      Fruits, Vegetables, Milk,
                                             Meat, Bread and Other

20  Which food group should you omit or      Other Group with high  
    eat very little of when dieting?         calories and low nutrients

30  Of what two food groups do most          Fruits and vegetables
    Americans consume an Insufficient
    amount?  (too little of)

40  What food group gives us most of         Milk group
    our calcium?

Topic:  Vitamins
10  Which vitamin is added to fortified
    milk?                                    Vitamin D

20  Which vitamin is important for good
    eyesight and healthy skin?               Vitamin A

30  What important vitamin is provided 
    only by fruits and vegetable group?      Vitamin C

40  Vegetables with a deep yellow or 
    orange color are a good source of
    what vitamin?                            Vitamin A

Topic:  Nutrients
10  Name three foods that are main           Meat, poultry, fish eggs,  
    sources of protein?                      milk, cheese, dried beans, 
                                             peanut butter

20  Which of these foods has the most 
    calcium:  liver, ice cream, wheat
    cereal and carrot?                       Ice cream

30  What nutrient provides the main
    material for building muscle?            Protein

40  What nutrient is lacking in most
    anemic persons                           Iron

Topic:  Grab Bag
10  If you are trying to lose weight, 
    which snack would be low in calories
    but still provide a number of nutrients:
    a fresh peach, a pickle or canned fruit
    cocktail?                                 Peach

20  Which protein food would be the best
    menu choice for a person who was trying
    to reduce his fat intake?                 Baked chicken

30  If you were an athlete, what foods would
    be the best to eat before an athletic
    event...steak, soft drink, turkey 
    sandwich, or candy bar?                   Turkey sandwich (low fat 
                                              protein and carbohydrates)

40  For a person to lose one pound a week, 
    he or she would have to reduce his/her
    calorie intake by how many calories 
    each day?                                 500 calories


Twister by Karen Sloan Union County
Uses the commercial Twister game.

Write questions on index cards the same color as the circles on the Twister 
mat.  Each child spins the spinner and if it lands on left food red, they must 
answer a question from the red index card.  If they get it correct, they can 
put their left food on the red circle on the mat.  If incorrect, the next 
child goes.  The player is the one who stays up the longest.  You can also 
play in groups.

Put each topic on a different "Twister" color.  Red, yellow, blue or green.

Topic:  Food preparation
Why is salt almost always a necessary ingredient in yeast breads?
A.  Because it controls the rising of the bread.

There are several fresh fruits that will not allow gelatin to set.  Name one 
of these:
A.  kiwi, pineapple, ginger root, papaya, figs, guava

Which one of these three cooking terms means to combine sugar and fat:
a-blend, b-cream, c-mix
A.  b-cream

Because fruits often darken when they are cut, what can they be dipped in to 
prevent this from happening?
A.  fruit juice containing Vitamin C, ascorbic acid powder, or a weak salt 
solution.

Though you can crack an egg on the side of the mixing bowl, it is much easier 
to crack the egg using this utensil in a separate bowl before adding other 
ingredients.
A.  knife

What happens to muffins which are mixed too much?
A.  They form peaks and tunnels

Why do cakes need to cool before they are frosted?
A.  IF they do not cool first, the frosting thins and runs down the 
    cake.

Pies can be high in fat and calories.  You can reduce these by substituting 
the pastry crust with what other type of crust?
A.  Graham cracker crust

What can you brush on top of a pie crust to make it shiny?
A.  egg

What would you use in order to cut down on the amount of fat in some cake 
recipes?
A.  Use applesauce, prune or other fruit puree instead of oil, butter 
    or shortening.

Topic:  Nutrients

Name two foods you can find nitrites in?
a.  hot dogs, ham or cold cuts

Vegetarians may be at risk of not receiving enough of several nutrients.
Name two:
A.  high quality protein (complete protein), Vitamin D, vitamin B-12, 
    iron and calcium

Most of the calcium we get is from the milk group, but you can get calcium 
from another source.  Name one:

A. dark leafy green vegetables

Which nutrient has more than twice the amount of calories per gram:
a-carbohydrate, b-fat, c-protein
A. B-fat

The vitamin known as the "sunshine vitamin" is
A.  Vitamin D

Dark, leafy green vegetables and deep yellow fruits and vegetables are good 
sources of which vitamin?
A.  Vitamin A

Name three nutrients that are found in the bread, cereal, rice and pasta 
group.

A.  B vitamins, iron, carbohydrates and fiber

Give an example of a vegetable that is high in the nutrient fat
A.  olives, avocado

How many tablespoons of peanut butter would you need to eat to have roughly 
the same nutritive value as a 2 oz portion of meat, fish or poultry?
A. 4 tablespoons

What is lactose?
A.  The carbohydrate (sugar) in milk

Topic:  Measurements
A gram is roughly equal to how many teaspoons?
A. 4 (equivalent to a tablespoon and a teaspoon)

True or False:  1 cup of a standard liquid measure is the same amount as 
1 cup of a standard dry measure
A.  true

A calorie is a unit of measurement (heat).  What does it measure?
A.  The amount of fuel in a food

The small letter "c" is an abbreviation for what measurement?
A.  cup

T-B-S-P is an abbreviation for what measurement?
A.  tablespoon

In some countries, flour is not measured by cups but by
A.  weight (on a scale)

How is brown sugar measured?
A.  Packed into a cup and leveled off

The abbreviation "small t" is a measurement unit.  What does it mean when you 
see it in a recipe?
A.  teaspoon

Number of cups in a gallon?
A.  16

Number of teaspoons in a tablespoon?
A.  3

Topic:  Whatever!

Curds and whey, as in the nursery rhyme, Little Miss Muffet, are food products 
made when this food is made:
A.  cheese

Which age group needs more milk a day?  A 10 year old or under or a 11-24 year 
old?
A.  11-24 year old

A spice that is usually found on pizza is:
A.  oregano

There are three basic ways of serving food.  Which of the following describes 
placing food on the table to be passed from person to person?
a-individual service, b-buffet service, c-family service
A. c-family service

When cleaning the table, what is necessary to remove and put away first?
A. perishable foods

When washing dishes, pans are generally put to soak and washed last.  What is 
usually washed first?
A.  Glassware

Which type of cookie sheet is likely to brown cookies more evenly:  shiny pans 
or dark, dull pans?
A.  shiny pans

Which of the following milk products is usually the least expensive:  whole 
milk, skim milk or 2% milk?
A.  skim milk

A beverage known as a "float" usually has this ingredient.
A. ice cream

Name one of the three ingredients it is okay to pack into a measuring cup.
A.  brown sugar, shortening and peanut butter


Topic:  Anything Goes!

What are two common ingredients in marinades.  Choose two:  oil, butter, 
vinegar and milk
A.  oil and vinegar

Name three types of food containers that you can recycle.
A.  aluminum soft drink cans, glass, plastic and steel cans from soup,
    canned meats and fish.

What food does raisins come from?
A.  grapes

A freezer should be at least this cold:  a-10 degrees, b -10 degrees, c-0 
degrees Fahrenheit
A.  C

Name the three most visible colors on a food package
A.  red, orange and yellow

How should eggs be stored in the refrigerator?
A.  In a covered container

Which of the following is NOT true?
    A-water is needed before, during and after exercise
    B-severe water loss may cause muscle cramps
    C-sports drinks are usually better to drink than water
A. C

Which of the following contains the highest amount of fat for the same amount 
or product?  
       a-hamburger, b-ground chuck, c-ground round
A.  A

What is the calorie difference between 1 cup skim milk and 1 cup whole milk?
    A-20 calories
    B-40 calories
    C-60 calories
A-C

What is the percentage difference of fat between 1 cup of skim milk and 1 cup 
of whole milk?
    A. 1%
    B. 2%
    C. 4%
A.  C-4%


Topic:  Serving Sizes
What is a serving of spaghetti?
a.  1/2 cup

What amount of cooked cereal is considered a serving of the bread, cereal, 
rice and pasta group?
A.  1/2 cup

The number of eggs equal to a 2 oz. serving of the meat, fish, poultry, eggs 
and dry beans group?
A.  2

The amount of juice needed for a serving in the fruit group or the vegetable 
group?
A.  6 ounce

Number of servings of the bread and cereal group needed each day?
A.  6-11

How many tablespoons of peanut butter do you have to eat to equal one protein 
serving?
A.  4

What is a serving of milk?
A. 8 ounces

What amount of ready-to-eat cereal is considered a serving of the bread, 
cereal, rice and pasta group?
A. 1 ounce

How many calories you need a day can depend on several things
A.  body weight (build), how active you are, how much you are growing
    and whether or not you are recovering from an illness

How many servings are in a 2 ounce bagel?
A. 2

Do's and Don'ts
It is best to eat your hamburger rare or pink inside.
A. don't

You need to wash your hands for 5 to 10 seconds with water to kill the germs.
A. don't.  Instead wash 20 seconds with hot, soapy water.

Store your eggs on the door of the refrigerator.
A.  don't  Instead store them covered in the original carton.

You should eat at least 2 fruits each day
A.  do

Some calcium is added to some kinds of orange juice and some bread products.
A.  do

It is ok to eat the green spots on potatoes.
A.  don't 

Wash your spaghetti off after you cook it to get rid of starch.
A.  don't

You should scrub your vegetables with a vegetable brush.
A.  do

Some vegetables have Vitamin C.
A.  do

Buy tuna packed in oil for more nutrition.
A.  don't unless you need the added fat calories


Topic:  Other
What do all of these foods have in common:  sucrose, fructose, maltose.
They are all what?
A.  sugars

The main health hazard from the consumption of too much sugar is:
A.  tooth decay

How many pounds of sugar does the average American eat in one year?
A.  100

What do all of these foods have in common:  honey, molasses, corn syrup and 
brown sugar?
A.  They are all sugars.

Each 12 oz. can of soft drink contains 9-10 teaspoons (tsp) of sugar.
How many cups is this?
A.  4 tablespoons or 1/4 cup

What three ingredients are found in foods we should generally eat less of?
A.  fat, sugar, and salt

If you want to reduce the sugar and fat in a recipe, you can reduce them by 
how much without affecting the taste?  a-1/2 cup, b 1/3 cup, c-1/4 cup.
A. b 1/3 cup per cup of sugar

Saliva causes starchy foods to turn into what product in the mouth?
A. sugar

What are three things you can do to lower your fat intake at a fast food 
restaurant?
A.  limit fried foods, choose low fat items, choose regular size sandwiches 
instead of large ones, skip the fries, order a vegetable or a side salad.

Pickles are high in a-fat, b-sugar, c-sodium, d-vitamins
A. C


4-H Feud by Karen Sloan, Union County
This game is played like the Family Feud on television.  Karen surveyed 100 
people to get the answers on the cards.

First, divide into two teams.  One person from each team comes up and you ask 
them a question, such as "name something you put on a pizza".  The first 
player to blow a whistle or ring a bell, tells their answer.  The MC then 
turns the card corresponding to the location of the answer on the board.

If it is not the number one answer, the next player of the other team gives an 
answer.  If they guess an answer above the other one, they get to decide 
whether to play or pass and try to steal it back later.  Whichever team plays, 
you go around to each child on the team for their answer to the question.  
Three wrong answers means the other team can steal the points if they give the 
MC a correct answer.  The point value is how many people said that answer and 
the MC writes the number on the index card of each word.

At the end, count up the point value.  You can play another round with a 
different question and see which team gets the most points.

You might decide to conduct a survey of 100 responses before your next game!


4-H Feud Questions and Answers:
                                  4-H FEUD
Name something you put on a pizza.
1. pepperoni................44 pts.     6. ham...............2 pts.
2. mushrooms................18 pts      7. anchovies.........2 pts.
3. cheese...................14 pts      8. hamburg...........2 pts.
4. sauce....................12 pts.     9. onions............2 pts.
5. sausage...................4 pts.

Name something you eat for breakfast.
1. cereal...................50 pts.     7. ham...............2 pts.
2. toast....................16 pts.     8. bananas...........2 pts.
3. pancakes.................10 pts.     9. yogurt............2 pts.
4. eggs......................8 pts.    10. bagels............2 pts.
5. sausage...................2 pts.    11. waffles...........2 pts.
6. bacon.....................2 pts.    12. English muffin....2 pts.

Name a food made with cheese.
1. macaroni and cheese......38 pts.     6. cheesecake........4 pts.
2. pizza....................24 pts.     7. cheeseburger......2 pts.
3. lasagna..................14 pts.     8. omelet............2 pts.
4. grilled cheese sandwich..10 pts.     9. pasta salad.......2 pts.
5. quiche....................4 pts.

Name a food from the "Other" group.
1. candy....................21 pts.     5. oil...............8 pts.
2. chips....................26 pts.     6. soda..............4 pts.
3. butter...................14 pts.     7. ketchup...........2 pts.
4. mayonnaise...............12 pts.     8. salt..............2 pts.

Name a kitchen appliance.
1. stove....................29 pts.     6. microwave.........7 pts.
2. refrigerator.............15 pts.     7. dishwasher........5 pts.
3. mixer....................13 pts.     8. coffee pot........5 pts.
4. toaster..................11 pts.     9. can opener........4 pts.
5. blender...................9 pts.    10. electric fry pan...2 pts.

Name something that has seeds.
1. watermelon...............20 pts.     7. peaches...........4 pts.
2. apple....................16 pts.     8. orange............4 pts.
3. grapes...................14 pts.     9. cantaloupe........4 pts.
4. sunflower................12 pts.    10. lemon.............2 pts.
5. tomato...................10 pts.    11. kiwi..............2 pts.
6. strawberry...............10 pts.    12. raspberry.........2 pts.

Name a way to exercise.
1. walk.....................48 pts.     7. basketball........2 pts.
2. run......................16 pts.     8. push ups..........2 pts.
3. bike.....................12 pts.     9. sit ups...........2 pts.
4. jog.......................4 pts.    10. hike..............2 pts.
5. swim......................4 pts.    11. jumping jacks.....2 pts.
6. aerobics..................4 pts.    12. gardening.........2 pts.

Name something you can preserve or can.
1. peaches..................27 pts.     6. red beets.........4 pts.
2. jelly....................26 pts.     7. corn..............3 pts.
3. tomatoes or sauce........24 pts.     8. pears.............2 pts.
4. green beans.............. 6 pts.     9. meat..............2 pts.
5. pickles...................5 pts.    10. peas..............1 pts.

Name something you eat for a snack.
1. chips.................. .16 pts.    10. raisins............2 pts.
2. pretzels.................12 pts.    11. nuts...............2 pts.
3. apples...................12 pts.    12. cheese.............2 pts.
4. popcorn..................10 pts.    13. chex mix...........2 pts.
5. ice cream.................8 pts.    14. pizza..............2 pts.
6. crackers..................8 pts.    15. peanut butter......2 pts.
7. cake......................8 pts.    16. carrots............2 pts.
8. candy.....................6 pts.    17. cookies............2 pts.

Name fruit.
1. apple.................... 41 pts.    7. pears..............4 pts.
2. banana....................22 pts.    8. lemon..............2 pts.
3. strawberry ................6 pts.    9. nectarine..........2 pts.
4. peaches....................6 pts.   10. raspberry..........2 pts.
5. oranges....................6 pts.   11. cantaloupe.........2 pts.
6. grapes.....................5 pts.   12. plum...............2 pts.

Name a dry bean.
1. kidney....................29 pts.    6. northern...........7 pts.
2. lima......................21 pts.    7. soybean ...........5 pts.
3. navy......................13 pts.    8. black-eyed peas....4 pts.
4. pinto......................9 pts.    9. black bean.........9 pts.
5. split pea..................8 pts.   10. lentil.............2 pts.

Name a nutrient.
1. vitamin C.................31 pts.    8. vitamin B..........5 pts.
2. protein...................18 pts.    9. fat................4 pts.
3. vitamin A..................9 pts.   10. fiber..............3 pts.
4. potassium..................6 pts    11. vitamin D..........3 pts.
5. calcium....................6 pts.   12. zinc...............2 pts.
6. iron.......................6 pts.   13. sodium.............2 pts.
7. carbohydrates.............5 pts.

Name something you can drink.
1. soda......................40 pts.    6. coffee.............6 pts.
2. water.....................18 pts.    7. koolaid............4 pts.
3. tea.......................10 pts.    8. tomato juice.......4 pts.
4. orange juice...............8 pts.    9. apple juice........2 pts.

Name something from the dairy group.
1. milk......................49 pts.    4. yogurt............10 pts.
2. cheese....................19 pts.    5. milkshake..........5 pts.
3. ice cream.................12 pts.    6. cottage cheese.....5 pts.

Name a vegetable.
1. carrots...................28 pts.    9. lima bean..........2 pts.
2. corn......................19 pts.   10. egg plant..........2 pts.
3. peas......................11 pts.   11. celery.............2 pts.
4. broccoli...................9 pts.   12. cabbage............2 pts.
5. tomato.....................6 pts.   13. asparagus..........2 pts.
6. green bean.................6 pts.   14. potatoes...........2 pts.
7. cauliflower................5 pts.   15. collard greens.....2 pts.
8. green pepper...............2 pts.
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IF YOU HAVE A NUTRITION ACTIVITY OR GAME SONG OR BOOK REFERENCE THAT YOU USE 
AND THAT YOU WOULD LIKE TO ADD TO THIS FILE, PLEASE CONTACT JAN SCHOLL: 323 AG 
ADMIN BUILDING, UNIVERSITY PARK, PA  16802-2601 (jscholl@psu.edu). LET HER 
KNOW THE TITLE OF THE ACTIVITY, WHAT TO DO, HOW YOU USE IT, AND WITH WHAT AGE 
GROUPS OR LESSONS.  WE WILL GIVE YOU CREDIT FOR YOUR IDEA!  SEE YOUR NAME IN 
PENPAGES!  

ALSO, IF YOU SEE ANY ERRORS OR WISH TO SUGGEST IMPROVEMENTS, PLEASE LET US 
KNOW--IF YOU USE QUESTIONS OR INFORMATION FROM ANOTHER SOURCE, PLEASE BE SURE 
TO DOCUMENT IT IN YOUR INFORMATION!  THANKS FOR YOUR HELP!
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